Whitebred Shorthorn History
The exact origin and birthplace of the Whitebred Shorthorn is not known, but it is known that it aroused interest in the Border country over 100 years ago when the breed was referred to as the Cumberland White.
One of the early pioneers and founders of the breed was Mr David Hall of Larriston, Newcastleton Roxburghshire, who, along with Mr Andrew Park of Stelshaw, Bailey, Cumberland sold Blue-grey suckled calves at Newcastleton suckler sales way back in the late 19th Century.
These two breeders had found the Bluegrey's to be fast maturing cattle valued highly be feeders of beef.
These popular Blue-grey cattle were the product of the crossing of the hardy Galloway cow with the Whitebred Shorthorn Bull many of which came from Cumberland.
Formation of the Whitebred Shorthorn Association
It became increasingly obvious that the cross between the hardy Galloway cow and the Whitebred Shorthorn bull was producing fast maturing store cattle and it became essential that these quick maturing characteristics in existing breeds of hill cattle be developed.
T. Roland Johnson
Official Auctioneer & Chairman
In order to preserve the identity of the Whitebred Shorthorn, a meeting of interested parties together with JE Campion, GH Barnes, SAC Oliver and AD Tweddle who were all advisory representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food. was held on Monday 18th December 1961, at Greenhead Hotel in Northumberland, where it was decided to consider the formation of a breed society.
At a public meeting in Greenhead Hotel on 12th March 1962, almost 200 interested breeders voted overwhelmingly to form The Whitebred Shorthorn Association.
The first Council was elected under the Chairmanship of Roland Johnson with John Kirkpatrick (Auctioneer) as Vice Chairman.
Eric Stokoe, a cashier with Harrison & Hetherington Ltd., Auctioneers, was invited to take on the Secretarial duties of the Association.
After cattle had been inspected from 134 herds, 2310 males and 506 females were entered in the first herdbook.
First Council Of Management
T. R. Johnson, Limestonebrae, Carrshield, Hexham (Chairman)
J. Kirkpatrick, 6 Whiteclosegate, Carlisle (Vice-Chairman)
J. S. Arres, Lustruther, Hawick, Roxburghshire
J. Armstrong, Carrick, Elsdon, Newcastle on Tyne
G. L. Bell, Broomholmshields, Langholm, Dumfriesshire
A. Beattie, Park House, Canonbie, Dumfriesshire
J. Calvert, Greensburn, West Hall, Brampton, Cumberland
R. Dodd, Gilbert House, Moffat, Dumfriesshire
D. Dargue, Smardale Hall, Kirkby Stephen, Cumberland
R. D. Forster, Hassendean, Hawick, Roxburghshire
J. Graham, Raeburn, Longtown, Cumberland
J. Henderson, Murtholm, Langholm, Dumfriesshire
J. Harrison, Aimshaugh, Alston, Cumberland
T. N. Hill, Clea Hall, Wigton, Cumberland
R. H. Hedley, Flatt, Newcastleton, Roxburghshire
J. Ions, Thorneyburn, Falstone, Hexham, Northumberland
E. Jeffrey, Standburn, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire
F. Lee, Ninebanks, Whitfield, Hexham, Northumberland
G. Mitchinson, Gallowberry, Kirkcambeck, Brampton, Cumberland
J. G. Nixon, Hallees, Longtown, Cumberland
J. E. Nixon, Goatstones, Simonburn, Hexham, Northumberland
W. Noble, Old Irvine, Canonbie, Dumfriesshire
J. Oliver, Cawfields, Haltwhistle, Northumberland
R. C. Robinson, Askerton Castle, Brampton, Cumberland
T. H. Smith, Cleugh Head, Brampton, Cumberland
J. Telford, Holmehead, Roadhead, Carlisle, Cumberland
W. Tully, Sewingshields, Haydon Bridge, Hexham, Northumberland
R. N. Waugh, Row, Roadhead, Carlisle, Cumberland
T. M. Waugh, Eskin, Wythop, Cockermouth, Cumberland
G. D. Walton, Allensgreen, Bardon Mill, Hexham, Northumberland
Chairmen of the Association
T Roland Johnson 1962 – 1964
John Kirkpatrick 1964 – 1966
Tom H Smith 1966 – 1968
Robert C Robinson 1968 -1970
Raymond P Johnson Fergusson 1970 – 1972
George L Bell 1972 – 1974
Tom N Hill 1974 – 1976
Peter M Gordon 1976 – 1978
Hugh C Johnson 1978 – 1980
John Tailford 1980 - 1982
Robin B Hope 1982 – 1984
Ian C Robinson 1984 -1986
George Bell 1986 – 1988
William Wallace 1988 - 1990
Keith Laurie 1990 – 1992
John Whitfield 1992 – 1994
Bryan Hough 1994 – 1996
Alex Roskell 1996 – 1998
George Bell 1998 – 2000
John Christie 2000 – 2004
George Bell 2004 – 2006
Adrian A Wheelwright 2006 - 2013
Tom Robinson 2013 - 2014
Donald Hendry 2014 - 2016
Trevor Wallace 2016 - 2019
John Pattinson 2019 -
Secretaries to the Association
Eric Stokoe 1962 - 1977
Rosie Mitchinson 1977 - 2013
Jane Wilson 2013 - 2016
Sarah Bell 2016 - 2017
Jane Wilson 2017 - 2019
Anna Pattinson 2019 -
In the early 1900’s, owners, offering Bluegreys for sale at the Newcastleton suckler sales brought along the odd Whitebred bull, which followed the Bluegreys into the ring to be sold.
As entries increased, a decision was taken to sell the White cattle immediately following the Bluegrey sale, but even this arrangement failed to cope with the escalating entries, as the popularity and demand for these cattle soared. The system eventually got out of hand which necessitated a special day being allocated specifically for the sale of Whitebred Shorthorn cattle.
Official Association sales were held at Newcastleton and Bellingham in Autumn 1964 with catalogues produced for each sale.
The first show and sale at Carlisle was held in Spring 1965 with George Mitchinson and George Walton acting as judges.
Newcastleton Whitebred Shorthorn Sale
Judging Whitebred Shorthorns at Botchergate Mart, Carlisle
Grange Patrick, sold to College Valley Estates, Hethpool, Wooler, Autumn Sale 1970
Spring Show & Sale 1977
Judges; Iain Thomson, Mains of Breakachy, Beauly, Inverness & Alastair Murray, Sewingshields, Haydon Bridge, Steward; Tom Hill, Clea Hall, Wigton
Spring Show & Sale 1977
Walter Scott, Glendearg, receives the Championship Trophy from Anne Gordon, wife of the Chairman Peter Gordon, looking on is Eric Stokoe, Breed Secretary.
Cattle Sales History
Early Whitebred Shorthorn Sales
Show & Open Day History
Askerton Castle Open Day
On Tuesday 21st September 1965, the Association held its first open day at Askerton Castle, Brampton in Cumberland by kind permission of Mr R C Robinson a member of the Council.Representatives from Farmers Weekly, Cumberland News, Farmers Guardian, Border TV and the Tyne Tees Farming Outlook programme were in attendance.
Over 100 breeders attended together with other interested parties to Whitebred Shorthorn bulls and females paraded followed by their Blue-grey progeny. Mr John Kirkpatrick, the then, Chairman of the Association is quoted as saying;
"There was a big demand for the Blue-Grey at sales in Haltwhistle and Newcastleton and breeders had to provide what the public wanted. The Blue Grey was the ideal suckler cow for the marginal farm and could be crossed with any beef bull without loosing its hardiness."
Mr Roland Johnson, first Chairman of the Association said;
"Border farmers had bred the White Shorthorns for many years without any book data at all, but the Ministry of Agriculture was anxious that a herd book should be compiled in case, at some future date, the general bull licence was discontinued. If there were no general bull licence, we would be automatically cut out."
Animals from three breeders were on view. Bulls included two from G Mitchinson & Sons, Gallowberry, Kirkcambeck - the 6 year old stock bull Gallowberry Merical and the August '64 born Gallowberry Monarch. Mr Robinson paraded Lordstown Lad, a son of Holmhead Rocket and Askerton Statesman an October '64 son of Askerton Baron. G Tailford & Sons, Rinnion Hills, West Hall, exhibited Rinnion Hills Duke a homebred yearling by Rinnion Hills Pioneer.
A demonstration of Whitebred Shorthorns was held at Broomholmshiels, Langholm in Dumfriesshire on Saturday 5th October 1968 by permission of G L Bell.
A demonstration was held at Cowbyers Farm, Blanchland in County Durham on 19th September 1974 with cattle from Peter Gordon, Grange of Tundergarth, Lockerbie and Robin Hope, Winterhope, Waterbeck, Lockerbie on view.
Information for the above has been extracted from the Association Minute Book and scrapbooks provided by members, special thanks to Ian Robinson Esq., for his contribution. Further details will be added to this page when available.